Urbanisation & Industrialisation - Causes for Environmental Deterioration

Urbanisation & Industrialisation - Causes for Environmental Deterioration

  • 4th April 2021
  • Mumbai, India
  • Energy | Pollution | Climate Change

Author: Mohamed Arshad

Industries create the vast quantities of environmental hazards. A number of human and environmental threats have long been associated with industrialisation. Regardless of the existence of the industry, whether in the pharmaceutical, paper production, construction, textile, glass, ceramic materials, metallurgy, leather and tanning or oil processing sectors, all of these industries have significant environmental impacts on the climate, water and soil.

The Environmental Toxins:
The industrial operations in the surrounding air emit many toxic emissions, such as SO2, CO, CH4, lead, chromium, formaldehyde, arsenic, nickel, zinc, hydrocarbons, textile dust, asbestos, metal fragments, and UV rays. Water is tainted by the industry's pollution of organic products, heavy metals, suspended solids, fuels, and other hazardous waste. These environmental risks are not only affecting our current generation but it can also deliberately add on the problems to our future generations.

The Rising Temperature:
As most urban areas of Asia, Africa and Latin America are faced with high heat waves, the global environment has changed. The heat intensity in the centre is several degrees higher than the surrounding weather in the larger cities. Many cities have to face air pollution because the toxic chemicals quickly modify their responses along with the heat stresses due to the heat rise.

Can we really achieve Environmental Stability?
If the roles of urban administrative agencies and municipal government bodies are sufficiently met, the idea of environmentally responsive urbanisation can be accomplished. There are several positions for the urban government that can be individually classified. The Department of Revenue, Engineering Works, Development Planning and Development Control, Environmental Protection, Public Health, Protective Services, Emergency Services and Human Resources Administration are all part of a strong and efficient municipal government. The authorities for bridges, urban development, development tasks and services make an important contribution to the essential aspects of urbanisation, which include continuous security, restriction of pre-disaster destruction, rapid post-disaster response and restoration.

Source: News Agencies
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